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What to look for when buying tyres ?

Remember when You choose a vehicle tyre it depends on where you live, terrain and weather conditions, what kind of vehicle type you have, what performance expectations you have and what your vehicle requires. In most cases it can help to research and understanding the features that are available in the market. 

Category:

Commercial van tyres are designed to handle driving through dirt, mud and everyday wear. Ensure that your new tyres meet your needs. Think about not only the typical conditions, but also the worst conditions you can drive in. What performance restrictions are you looking for? For example wet traction maybe more important to you than cornering capability on dry roads. The more you can tell your dealer, the easier he will be able to find the right tyre for your needs:

Off-road tyres are ideal for drivers who take their vehicle off the road and do limited on-road driving. These tyres have stiffer sidewalls for greater resistance against puncture when traveling off-road. The tread pattern offers wider spacing than an all-season tyre to help remove mud from the tread. 

Pick-up truck or an SUV tyres help provide durability and traction in adverse off-road conditions. On the flip side, SUV tyres are ideal for on-road, comfort-tuned SUV applications.

Passengers car should have touring tyres which help provide excellent dependability on wet and dry pavement. They offer a balance of smooth and quiet ride with performance handling. Some drivers pay attention to the noise coming from tyres while driving a car. It may bother over certain speed on the road.

If you drive a sports car, or look for handling and performance than you need high-performance tyres are  designed for use at higher speeds in dry and wet weather. They have a softer rubber compound for improved grip, especially on high-speed cornering.

Season:

Summer tyres provide a lot more grip, wet or dry, at the expense of a harsher ride and no traction in the snow. These tyres are made from a special rubber compound and have a distinct tread pattern that perform very well on hot pavements as well as rainy ones. In addition between April and October, summer tyres are always the best and right choice for fitting out vehicles. Even on dry roads and in moderate weather conditions, your tyres have to meet high demands and safety standards at all times.

Winter tyres are designed to perform in cold, icy, wet and snowy days for handling and traction under wet conditions, but can be used in dry conditions as well. They are good at gripping cold, damp roads. They are also designed to gather a snowy in-fill in the tread grooves and in the sipe slits, to help with grip on loose snow. Those tyres use a different rubber composition from all-season tyres. This includes a greater percentage of natural rubber and silica, improving flexibility and reducing the cold temperature hardening experienced by synthetic rubber tyres in cold conditions. Winter tyres have smaller tread areas, increasing traction by allowing water to escape from under the tyre more easily. But though winter tyres do not prevent skidding on ice and snow, they greatly reduce the risk.

All-season tyres as the name suggests are manufactured to perform in a variety of weather conditions, including rain, snow, ice or heat.  If you are buying new tyres for a car that will be driven in either mud or snow, you might look for the M/S or M&S designation on the tyre. This indicates that the tyres are manufactured for driving in all types of weather, including snow and mud. You can also buy studded winter tyres for areas that experience heavy snow and ice. These have special tread designed to help you navigate snowy roads safely. These tyres are not specified for any one terrain, unlike winter and summer tyres which specialize in each respective season. Most automobile tyres are all-season tyres. These ones satisfy the needs of most road conditions. They have the deep water channels for wet traction, harder rubber compound for greater tyre life in warm weather. All-season tyres do have some benefits over other types of tyres. They can be kept on the car all year long, unlike winter and summer tyres which have to be rotated based on the weather.

Tyre Width

At the beginning while buying new tyres you need to know about the width of the tyre required for your specific vehicle. This information is in your car's owner's manual as well as on the side of the tyre itself. It is represented as a P (for passenger vehicle), followed by a three-digit number. For example, by VW Passat is a P195, which means that the tyre is 195 millimeters wide. Some truck and SUV have an LT instead of a P, which stands for Light Truck. These tyres can support more weight and are often used on vehicles that haul trailers or heavy materials.

Profile

Once you know the width of the tyres you need, you will also need to write down the aspect ratio which means the percentage ratio of the tyre's height to its width. If vehicle is a 60, that means the tyre's height is 60 percent of its width. 

Rim Size

The third important number needed to buy new tyres for your car is the wheel diameter. If Your tyres are manufactured to fit on a 15-inch wheel diameter this information will be the last of the three numbers recorded in a row in your manual and on the tyre. It is often written as: Width/Aspect Ratio (Profile) / Wheel Diameter (Rim size) in inches (e.g. P195/65 R15).

Speed Rating

The average driver will not be concerned with the speed rating, but it's nice to know anyway. The speed rating indicates the maximum speed at which a tyre can perform. The number is actually represented by a letter between A and Z, with A being the lowest speed.

Manufacturers

Before buying new tyres for a car, conduct a little brand research. Find out which tyres are used most effectively in your geographical area, and make sure you know of any recalls or other problems certain manufacturers might have had. It can be stressful to buy new tyres for your car, especially if so many brands are available in the market and drivers cannot decide which tyre brands is the best for their vehicles . The good news is that, once you know what you want, it becomes much easier in the future.